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太康县城关镇建南小学:上下求索 内外兼修

 
 
 

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“的地得”用法歌  

2009-12-28 11:41:21|  分类: 语文方舟 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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 “的地得”用法歌

太康县城关镇建南小学  师亚军

      “的、地、得”是现代汉语中高频度使用的三个结构助词,都起着连接作用;它们在普通话中都读轻声“de”,没有语音上的区别。

正确使用“的、地、得”简单地说,只要记住以下三条:

      1、名词(个别代词)前面的修饰成分,用“的”字衔接,作名词(个别代词)的定语;

      2、动词(形容词)前面的修饰成分,用“地”字衔接,作动词(形容词)的状语;

      3、动词或形容词后面的补充、说明成分,用“得”字连接,作动词或形容词的补语。

特别注意的是:在多层修饰限制里,最外层修饰限制用的“的”(或“地”)不直接在“名词”(或“动词”)前面,中间隔有其他修饰限制词。

以上三种用法,可以写成下面的公式:

      修饰限制+的+(修饰限制词)名词(代词)

      修饰限制+地+(修饰限制词)动词(形容词

      动词(形容词)+得+补充

    以上三种公式,也可以编成下面的用法歌:

        左边白,  右边勺,名()词跟在后面跑。

        美丽的花儿绽笑脸,青青的草儿弯下腰,

        清清的河水向东流,蓝蓝的天上白云飘,

        暖暖的风儿轻轻吹,绿绿的树叶把头摇,

        小小的鱼儿水中游,红红的太阳当空照,

 

       左边土,  右边也,地字站在动()词前,

       认真地做操不马虎,专心地上课不大意,

      大声地朗读不害羞,从容地走路不着急,

      痛快地玩耍来放松,用心地思考解难题,

      勤奋地学习要积极,辛勤地劳动花力气,

 

      左边两人就使得,形动词后要用得,

      兔子兔子跑得快,乌龟乌龟爬得慢,

      青青竹子长得快,参天大树长得慢,

      清晨锻炼起得早,加班加点睡得晚,

      欢乐时光过得快,考试题目出得难。

      智慧星红得发紫,榜样高得像座山。

     距离山顶远得很,风景美得让人恋。

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