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小学英语时态总结与练习  

2012-12-05 14:18:39|  分类: 英语广角 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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本文转载自英语广角《小学英语时态总结与练习》

小学英语时态总结与练习

太康县城关镇建南小学

一、一般现在时:
  一般现在时的功能
  1.表示事物或人物的特征、状态。如:The sky is blue.天空是蓝色的。
  2.表示经常性或习惯性的动作。如:I get up at six every day.我每天六点起床。
  3.表示客观现实。如:The earth goes around the sun.地球绕着太阳转。
  一般现在时的构成
  1. be动词:主语+be(am,is,are)+其它。如: I am a boy.我是一个男孩。
  2.行为动词:主语+行为动词(+其它)。如:We study English.我们学习英语。
  当主语为第三人称单数(he, she,it)时,要在动词后加"-s""-es"。如:Mary likes Chinese.玛丽喜欢汉语。
  一般现在时的变化
  1. be动词的变化。
  否定句:主语+ be + not +其它。如:He is not a worker.他不是工人。
  一般疑问句:Be +主语+其它。如:-Are you a student? -Yes. I am. / No, I'm not.
  特殊疑问句:疑问词+一般疑问句。如:
Where is my bike?
  2.行为动词的变化。

  否定句:主语+ don't( doesn't ) +动词原形(+其它)。如:I don't like bread.
  当主语为第三人称单数时,要用doesn't构成否定句。如: 
He doesn't often play.
  一般疑问句:Do( Does ) +主语+动词原形+其它。如: 
- Do you often play football?    - Yes, I do. / No, I don't.
  当主语为第三人称单数时,要用does构成一般疑问句。如:
- Does she go to work by bike?   - Yes, she does. / No, she doesn't.
  特殊疑问句:疑问词+一般疑问句。如:
How does your father go to work?
       
动词+s的变化规则

     
 1.一般情况下,直接加-s,如:cook-cooks, milk-milks
       2
.以s. x. sh. ch. o结尾,加-es,如:
guess-guesses, wash-washes, watch-watches, go-goes
       3
.以辅音字母+y”结尾,变yi, 再加-es,如:study-studies

 

一、 写出下列动词的第三人称单数

drink ________ go _______ stay ________ make ________
look _________ have_______ pass_______  carry ____
come________   watch______ plant_______ fly ________
study_______ brush________ do_________  teach_______

二.按照要求改写句子
1. Daniel watches TV every evening.(改为否定句)
___________________________________________________
2. I do my homework every day.(
改为一般疑问句,作否定回答
)
________________________________________________________
3. She likes milk.(
改为一般疑问句,作肯定回答
)
___________________________ 
4. Amy likes playing computer games.(
改为一般疑问句,作否定回答
)
___________________________________________________
5. We go to school every morning.(
改为否定句
)
_______________________________________________________
6. He speaks English very well.(
改为否定句
)
___________________________________________________
7. I like taking photos in the park.(
对划线部分提问
)
________________________________________________________
8. John comes from Canada.(
对划线部分提问
)
___________________________________________________
9. She is always a good student.(
改为一般疑问句,作否定回答
)
________________________________________________________
10. Simon and Daniel like going skating.(
改为否定句
)
___________________________________________________

 

二、现在进行时:
1
.现在进行时表示现在正在进行或发生的动作,也可表示当前一段时间内的活动或现阶段正在进行的动作。
2
现在进行时的肯定句基本结构为be+动词ing.
3
现在进行时的否定句在be后加not

4
现在进行时的一般疑问句把be动词调到句首。
5
现在进行时的特殊疑问的基本结构为:疑问词不达意 + be + 主语 + 动词ing?
    
但疑问词当主语时其结构为:疑问词不达意 + be + 动词
ing?
动词加ing的变化规则

1.一般情况下,直接加ing,如:cook-cooking
2
.以不发音的e结尾,去eing,如:
make-making, taste-tasting
3
.如果末尾是一个元音字母和一个辅音字母,双写末尾的辅音字母,再加ing,如:
run-running, stop-stopping

一、现在进行时专项练习:
play________ run__________ swim _________make__________
go_________ like________  write________ _ski___________
read________ have_________ sing  ________ dance_________
put_________ see________ buy _________ love____________
live_______ take_________ come ________  get_________
stop_________ sit ________ begin________ shop___________

二.句型转换:
1. They are doing housework .(分别改成一般疑问句和否定句)
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
2
The students are cleaning the classroom . ( 改一般疑问句并作肯定和否定回答
)
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
3
I’m playing the football in the playground .(对划线部分进行提问
)
____________________________________________________________
4
Tom is reading books in his study . (对划线部分进行提问
)
____________________________________________________________

三.一般将来时:

一、概念:表示将要发生的动作或存在的状态及打算、计划或准备做某事。

句中一般有以下时间状语:tomorrow, next day(week, month, year…),soon, the day after tomorrow(后天)等。
   
二、基本结构be going to + do
will+ do.
   
三、否定句:be动词(am, is, arel后加not或情态动词will后加notwon’t

   
例如:I’m going to have a picnic this afternoon. I’m not going to have a picnic this afternoon.
   
四、一般疑问句: bewill提到句首,some改为any, and改为or,第一二人称互换。

   
例如:We are going to go on an outing this weekend. Are you going to go on an outing this weekend?
   
五、对划线部分提问。一般情况,一般将来时的对划线部分有三种情况。

     1.  
问人。Who 例如:I’m going to New York soon. Who’s going to New York soon.
     2.  
问干什么。What … do.例如: My father is going to watch a race with me this   afternoon.
What is your father going to do with you this afternoon.
     3.  
问什么时候。When.例如:She’s going to go to bed at nine.
When is she going   
to bed?
   
六、同义句:
be going to = will
     I am going to go swimming tomorrow
(明天). = I will go swimming tomorrow.

1.  我打算明天和朋友去野炊。
           I_____ _______ _________ have a picnic with my friends.
           I ________ have a picnic with my friends.
     2.  
下个星期一你打算去干嘛? 我想去打篮球。
          What ________ ________ _________ _________ _________ next Monday?

    I _______ ______ _____ play basketball.
          What _________ you do next Monday?

    I ________ play basketball.
     3.   
你妈妈这个周末去购物吗?是,她要去买一些水果。

              _____ your mother _______ ________ go shopping this ___________?

      Yes, she _________. She ______ ________ __________ buy some fruit.
     4.   
你们打算什么时候见面。

               What time _______ you _________ __________ meet?
改句子。
      5.    Nancy is going to go camping.
(改否定)
            Nancy ________ going to go camping.
      6.   I’ll go and join them.
(改否定)
             I _______ go ______ join them.
      7.   I’m going to get up at 6:30 tomorrow.
(改一般疑问句)
         ________ _______ ________ to get up at 6:30 tomorrow?
      8.   We will meet at the bus stop at 10:30.
(改一般疑问句)
         _______ ________ meet at the bus stop at 10:30.
      9.   She is going to listen to music after school.
(对划线部分提问)

 

四.一般过去时:

1一般过去时表示过去某个时间发生的动作或存在的状态,常和表示过去的时间状语连用。

   一般过去时也表示过去经常或反复发生的动作感谢。
      2
Be动词在一般过去时中的变化:
    ⑴am is在一般过去时中变为was。(was not=wasn’t
    ⑵are在一般过去时中变为were。(were not=weren’t
    ⑶带有waswere的句子,其否定、疑问的变化和is, am, are一样,即否定句在waswere后加not,一般疑问句把waswere调到句首。
      3
.句中没有be动词的一般过去时的句子
      
否定句:didn’t +动词原形,如:Jim didn’t go home yesterday.
      
一般疑问句:在句首加did,句子中的动词过去式变回原形。如:
Did Jim go home yesterday?
       
特殊疑问句:疑问词+did+主语+动词原形?如:
 What did Jim do yesterday?
              ⑵疑问词当主语时:疑问词+动词过去式?如:
Who went to home yesterday?
 
 动词过去式变化规则:

 
     1.一般在动词末尾加-ed,如:pull-pulled, cook-cooked
       2
.结尾是ed,如:
taste-tasted
       3
.末尾只有一个元音字母和一个辅音字母的重读闭音节,应双写末尾的辅音字母,再加-ed,如:
stop-stopped
       4
.以辅音字母+y”结尾的,变yi 再加-ed,如:
study-studied
       5
.不规则动词过去式:

       am,is-was, are-were, do-did, see-saw, say-said, give-gave, get-got, go-went,    

come-came, have-had, eat-ate, take-took, run-ran, sing-sang, put-put,

make-made, read-read, write-wrote, draw-drew, drink-drank, fly-flew,

ride-rode, speak-spoke, sweep-swept, swim-swam, sit-sat

过去时练习
    一.写出下列动词的过去式
      is\am_________ fly_______ plant________ are ________drink_________

play_______ go________ make ________does_________ dance________

worry________ ask _____taste_________ eat__________ draw________

put ______throw________ kick_________ pass_______ do  ________
    二、用be动词的适当形式填空

      1.   I _______ at school just now.
      2.   He ________ at the camp last week.
      3.   We ________ students two years ago.
      4.   They ________ on the farm a moment ago.
      5.   Yang Ling ________ eleven years old last year.
      6.   There ________ an apple on the plate yesterday.
      7.   There ________ some milk in the fridge on Sunday.
      8.   The mobile phone _______ on the sofa yesterday evening.
     三、句型转换

      1. It was exciting.
       
否定句:
________________________________________________
     一般疑问句:
____________________________________________
      肯、否定回答:
__________________________________________
      2. All the students were very excited.
        
否定句:
________________________________________________
      一般疑问句:
____________________________________________
      肯、否定回答:
__________________________________________
      3. They were in his pocket.
        
否定句:
________________________________________________
      一般疑问句:
____________________________________________
     肯、否定回答:
__________________________________________
    四、用行为动词的适当形式填空

       1. He _________ (live) in Wuxi two years ago.
       2. The cat ________ (eat) a bird last night.
       3. We _______ (have) a party last Halloween.
       4. Nancy ________ (pick) up oranges on the farm last week.
       5. I ________ (make) a model ship with Mike yesterday.
       6. They ________ (play) chess in the classroom last PE lesson.
       7. My mother _______ (cook) a nice food last Spring Festival.
       8. The girls ________ (sing) and _______ (dance) at the party.

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